What is a Perennial?
Perennial plants are any that last for more than two years in the garden. It comes from the Latin words “per” and “annus” that mean “through” and “year.” We use the term perennial as a label on plants to differentiate them from those plants that only survive one season and are called annuals. This includes plants such as impatiens, geraniums, and lobelia. At Garden Delights Nursery, we sell only blooming age perennials
Perennials will die back each autumn and remain dormant through the winter months. They will return from their root-stock each spring to provide an excellent foundation to any garden.
Growing Perennial Plants
Perennials are considered the backbone of any good landscaping project. The annuals must be replaced each year as in the case of lobelia, but the perennials reappear each year without any additional work or expense. They provide texture, form, and a variety of colors that can be counted on year after year.
Bloom time, lifespan, and culture will vary among perennial plants. Short-lived perennials last only three to four years. This category includes delphinium and lupines. Other varieties can last as long as 15 years, while peonies will continue on for a lifetime.
There is no set rule for all perennials. Some require shade while others need full sun. You’ll also find ones such as the gooseneck loosestrife that will over run the garden. Perennials are beautiful on their own, but they can be accented with annuals. Lobelia has a dainty flower that is perfect as a garden border around perennials.
Types of Perennials
Many people think of garden varieties when they hear someone mention perennials. This would include the daylily. It is a favorite of gardeners for their continuous blooms. Each daylily has many buds that continually open up into beautiful flowers. The flowers only last for one day, but with so many buds, you’ll have non-stop blooms all season. Daylily is often called the perfect perennial because it comes in numerous sizes, shapes, and colors. It’s drought tolerant and suitable for many forms of landscaping.
Some perennials are found scattered in the wild such as the May Apple. They are found throughout Eastern North America in pastures, woods, and thickets. The May Apple is actually an herb, but the roots are toxic so it should only be used by those with experience. The small white flowers that appear each April and May eventually turn into edible fruit.
How To Make Your Perennial Plants Thrive
Perennials are beautiful, hardy plants that can
serve as the backbone of your garden. And though they are fairly easy to grow,
there are a few steps you could take during your planting process to help
ensure your perennials thrive to the best of their ability. To begin, thriving
perennials require rich soil, the right climate, adequate water, fertilizer,
plant food, weed control, and don’t forget the TLC!
The first step to ensuring that your perennial
plants will thrive is to nourish them from the inside out. Rich, healthy soil
will provide the perfect breeding ground for healthy plants to grow. To enrich
your soil, simply add organic matter such as compost, peat moss or manure to
your garden dirt. Mix well with a rake or fork.
Sun Perennials or Shade Perennials
Perennials will naturally thrive in the right
environment, so before planting your plants, be sure they are the proper plants
for you climate. And since some perennials prefer the sun, while others prefer
shaded areas, you should also take note of which type of perennial you have,
then plant them accordingly.Try our garden store for low prices.
New plants are often vulnerable to drought
stress, so watering them often will provide comfort for your plants as they
grow. This will also allow help the plant develop strong roots which will help
get them through harsh temperatures.
Perennials do most of their growing and blooming
in the Spring, so that’s when they require nutrients the most. A well-balanced,
time released organic fertilizer will help ensure your plants receive the
proper nutrients on a regular basis and help replace depleted nutrients in the
soil where plants have been growing repeatedly.
Troublesome weeds can rob your seedlings and
young plants of water and nutrients which they need to grow tall and sturdy.
So, make it a point to schedule regular time to clear the weeds from your
Following these easy steps will help ensure your
budding seeds or plants grow into the lush garden of your dreams!
Perennial plants are most everyone’s dream
garden, and why not? Not only are they colorful and beautiful and hardy, but
they come back year after year to fill gardens and window boxes and add a
colorful accent to shrubs and trees. Perennial plants also generally get bigger
every year, so that means you can usually divide them and spread them around
your yard or indoor spot.
If you want a colorful garden indoor or out, you
definitely want perennials. Here are some of the favorites and most colorful.
* blue lobelia. This is a perennial with a short
life, usually only a few years.
The blue lobelia grows to be about three feet
tall and must be pollinated by
insects, usually bees.
* cardinal flower. This perennial has beautiful
scarlet flowers that grow up to
four feet tall and are a delight in any indoor or
outdoor setting. The
cardinal flower also can be planted in full sun
as long as it is kept moist.
* may apple. This perennial native to the eastern
U.S. has a large white flower
that looks much like an umbrella. The may apple
grows well in moist soils.
* hepatica. The flowers come in white, pink, or
bright blue and are some of
the first spring blooms. The hepatica is a
delightful sight in any garden.
* trilliums. This native woodland plant comes in
threes. It has three petals,
three sepals, and three leaves. That is why its
nickname is the “trinity
flower.” Trilliums also come in 40 species,
which should be enough to satisfy
any planter. Some of the flowers are red, some
are white. Even a gardener
without a green thumb should have a good chance
of producing a beautiful
garden with these perennials. One warning,
however, comes with trilliums.
One type, Trillium persist ens, is on the federal
list, so check with our own state department before
you choose one of these
* Virginia blue bells. Also called the Virginia
cowslip or, more formally,
Mertensia virginica, Virginia blue bells are some
of the prettiest of
perennials and are native to North America. Make
Virginia blue bells
a must in your perennial garden.
If you enjoy the beauty of native plants, check
with a perennial grower for the best choice of perennial plants for sale. Make
your indoors or outdoors a colorful delight. If you need perennial plants for
sale, you have found them at a plant nursery.
Most Vibrant Perennials
The red cardinal flower is an herbaceous
perennial that grows up to four feet tall. Its vibrant red florets are produced
in long, terminal racemes. Red cardinal flowers are very attractive to
hummingbirds and butterflies, bringing your garden to life beginning in
midsummer and continuing to bloom through early autumn. Its abundantly leafed
growths thrive in moist soil such as stream banks and marshes, but will produce
incandescent, wing-like blooms in your garden with sufficient sun and water.
The beauty of the lobelia cardinalis cannot be overstated: Its eye-catching,
bold red flowers and hardy green stalks are breathtaking.
The bright and pleasing yellow daylily is a
versatile and hardy perennial, able to thrive in various conditions of soil and
sunlight with very little care. The showy yellow daylily’s scientific name is
hemerocallis. It blooms cheerfully from late spring until autumn. The daylily
is so named because each of its lovely flowers lasts only one day. However,
every clump of daylily plants presents many stalks, and each of the stalks
boasts many flower buds. This means that the daylily will flower in an almost
kaleidoscopic fashion, changing each night over a period of several weeks.
Yellow trillium’s bright yellow petals bloom
against a graceful silver-green backdrop. The flowers of this stunning
perennial carry a lemony fragrance as they rise upward from the center of each
mottled green leaf like stem. Trillium luteum, as it is known scientifically, is
a favorite woodland wildflower native to the American South. The lovely petals,
sepals, and leaves of this rhizomes herb are always found in groups of
three.Yellow trillium flourishes in half-sun, half-shade, blooms in mid to late
spring, and grows up to 14 inches tall and up to a foot wide.
Red trillium’s single crimson flower has three
curved maroon petals, nodding up to four inches above its elegant whorl of
broad leaves. The reddish-brown petals wither after two or three weeks, leaving
behind a berry-like fruit. Red trillium, a perennial native to North American
woodlands, thrives in shady spots and will grow up to 14 inches tall and a foot
wide. Its scientific name is trillium erectum, but red trillium is known
colloquially as Stinking Benjamin, due to its not so pleasant odor at close range.
How To Make A Perennial Garden
Perennial plants are those that live and produce
blooms for more than two years. Unlike annuals, which die after one season,
perennial plants continue to provide colorful flowers, year after year. A
perennial garden is the easiest way for you to have continuously blooming
plants in an area of your yard with a minimum amount of maintenance. You can
choose from a wide variety of perennial flowering plants for your garden. The
following are a few of the most popular choices:
Daylillies, botanical name Hemerocallis, are easy
to grow, are available in a variety of colors to suit your garden needs, is
adaptable to many different soil conditions and can withstand drought
conditions. The prominent, pointed-tipped flowers grow on stalks that are
surrounded by long, narrow leaves. They bloom from late spring to autumn,
providing attractive color for garden areas throughout summer.
Botanical name Aquilegia, columbine plants
produce delicate bell-shaped blooms with spurs. They bloom from mid-spring to
early summer and can be found in a number of colors. The foliage is lacy and an
attractive addition to gardens. They prefer a full-sun exposure and
well-drained, fertile soil. However, in hot, sunny areas of the country, they
will do better in partial shade.
Hosta are among the most popular perennial for
home gardens in northern climates. Unlike many plants, this perennial will grow
in any shady area and re-appear year after year. This perennial comes in a wide
range of sizes, colors and leaf types. The full, low-growing foliage produces
small blooms on tall stalks, giving color and texture to any garden area. They
require very little maintenance and are useful for a variety of different
Dicentra cullicaria, commonly called Dutchmans
breeches, are known by their distinctively shaped bloom that looks a bit like
an upside-down pair of pantaloons. The white blooms are tinged with yellow or
pink. The foliage is gray-green and looks much like a fern. They grow in part
or full-shade and resist most diseases and insects.
Virginia Blue Bells
Mertensia Virginica, or Virginia Blue Bells, is a
perennial plant that produced trumpet-shaped blue to violet colored blooms on
foliage that grows up to two feet tall. The leaves of the plant are rounded and
full. They require well-draining soil and don’t do well in areas of heavy
rainfall. Sometimes called Virginia cowslips, they bloom in early spring.
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